2013, 2014, Cheap Travel in India, Kerala travel, Photos from South India, Tenkasi, Tirunelveli, Travel in India, Travel in Tamil Nadu, Uncategorized, Unromanticized travel, Varkala

South Indian images, 2014

Varkala paddy at sunrise

Varkala paddy at sunrise; Photo, John Briggs


Tirunelveli, Feb. 2014; Photo,  John Briggs

Tenkasi street

Tenkasi street; Photo,  John Briggs

Near the train station, Tiruneveli, Feb. 2014

Near the train station, Tirunelveli, Feb. 2014; Photo,  John Briggs


Near Vakala, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs

Near Vakala, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs


Tiruneveli street

Tirunelveli Street; Photo, John Briggs

Tenkasi, Feb. 2014

Tenkasi, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs

Tenkasi girl

Tenkasi, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs


Tenkasi, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs

Magenta woman, Tenkasi

Magenta woman, Tenkasi; Photo, John Briggs

Fishmerman near Varkala

Fishmerman near Varkala; Photo, John Briggs

Conclave in Ft. Kochi

Conclave in Ft. Kochi; Photo, John Briggs

Tiruneveli ditch-digger

Tirunelveli construction worker; Photo, John Briggs

Waiting for a bus

Waiting for a bus, Tirunelveli; Photo, John Briggs

Stranger, Tirunelveli, Feb. 2014; Photo, John Briggs

Tenkasi leaf bundler

Tenkasi leaf bundler; Photo, John Briggs

River neighborhood, Tiruneveli

River neighborhood, Tirunelveli; Photo, John Briggs

Tiruneveli fish marketTirunelveli fish market; Photo, John Briggs

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It’s five after six and the evening prayer call has begun, made furry by a poor amplifier. I’m  sitting in my room, a bit glum, immobilized by dysentery.

I’m sorry to record the episode, but the colonial graveyards here are filled with victims of the flux, and it strikes me that little has changed in the past five centuries in terms of cleanliness. Hand washing remains uncommon, at least in the class of restaurants I use.

The windows are open, letting in the stench of burning garbage on the street down below. I’m writing by the light of a single fluorescent tube high on the wall. India has no reading lights. Thick tropic air, heat, dust and dysentery.

The perfunctory dictionary on my MacBook defines dystentery as “infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the feces.”

The description lacks force. For one, I seem to be issuing little feces; otherwise, I haven’t looked closely enough to see if there’s blood. In my case, the bowels curl a bit in warning and then murky liquid gushes out.

It began yesterday at noon, the day after Thanksgiving, and it tapped on the colon wall every half hour or so until I opened my medicine kit today and took two pink pills prescribed by the University of Michigan Travel Center, 500 mg. tabs of ezithromycin,  unlisted by the dictionary.

I had previously taken two Pepto-Bismol tabs, but they were routed by the infection. I didn’t sleep much, rising so often as I did, but I did have waking dreams, startlingly vivid, of Custer’s options diminishing by the moment as the Sioux closed in; the Peptos fell one by one and I staggered again to the toilet.

I think I know the culprit, a small beanery in Cherai town where I had masala dosa Thursday, my Thanksgiving feast.

Dosa is a crepe-like pancake, unsweetened, about 12 inches across, folded over with masala-spiced potatoes inside. It’s usually served with a little bowl of chili dip and another of coconut. Well done, it’s a good meal.

The counter-man reminded me of Floyd the Barber on the old Andy Griffith show. He had a sweet smile and was pleased when I had eaten, paid and walked out satisfied.

But I’m not sure where to place the blame. Maybe I just licked my finger at the wrong time. My bowels were quiet for hours after that meal, though I was more exhausted than I should have been after a six or seven hour trip – a walk up through Fort Kochi, across on the ferry to Vinin, and then a long trip up to Cherai, 24 kilometers north, on a local bus. That trip up and back was bouncy, and I did walk four or five miles along the beach and then the two kilometers back to the bus stop on a steamy day, and back on the ferry.

I was pleased with myself: the ferry cost 2 rupees and the bus 15 each way, and the only thing I bought, other than the dosa, was a coke, which I didn’t finish.

I got back here, though, barely able to sit up, and I went to bed and stayed there hallucinating the rest of Thursday, until Friday morning. Then I walked into town, got some rupees from an ATM, bought more contact lens solution, and had a quick breakfast at the cafe which offers free WiFi, where I researched where to go next, but couldn’t focus.

I walked back here and arrived just in time.

Twenty-four hours later, I was getting a bit worried. I was losing what seemed bucketfuls of liquid, and my only desire was to sleep, to lie down and close my eyes. I concluded, maybe speciously, that my symptoms matched the description on my pill jar, and I took the medicine. It didn’t work immediately. The Sioux, who had now turned into sharks, continued to thrash nearby, but I felt gradually an ominous tightening of my midriff, and the attacks diminished. I can still see the dorsal fins circling not far off, but I think the worst is over.

I keep thinking, though, that it may not have been Floyd’s masala dosa. It was a bit crude in execution, yes, but not the worst I’ve seen, and he and the waiter were so anxious to be helpful to a hungry stranger that I want to absolve them.

My mind turns instead to the odd-tasting scrambled eggs I had at the Fresh Choice cafe in town. I ate them, but only because I was hungry after a day of fasting. The war-whoops began an hour later.

However, that doesn’t explain my exhaustion Thursday and an achiness which extended left and right, up and down, as though I was foolishly attempting as I did in 7th grade to tackle Bud Parker head on.

I have been lucky. The room is pleasant. The toilet is near and attractive, and Louisa, the owner of Lotus Home Stay, has been very concerned. She offered to get me whatever I need. I pooh-poohed my needs and staggered out this morning for water and then for fruit and then, after the pills took hold, to the Idiom Book Shop, where I got 50% back of what I’d paid back for P.G. Wodehouse’s Laughing Gas (not his best) and 366 daily meditations from Hindu holy books and exchanged them for a Tom Clancy book full of Chinese gangsters, nasty corporate types and steely-eyed heroes. Its subtlety is what I need.

My medicine kit

My medicine kit

I’ll add a digression here to keep my ailment in perspective. At Bandipur in the nature preserve, I got up early to go on a “trek” with the resort’s guide. I was the only trekker, as the place was filled with rotund Indians in fancy cars.

Janine and I walked out of the resort into the brush, broken country of erosion ravines dotted with small villages, backed by a high ridge.

In the near village, Janine stopped outside a hut and called and in a minute a middle-aged man appeared, drawing his clothes around him. The left side of his face was grotesque, as if it had been caught in a grinding machine. His left eye was gone. The skull seemed nearly caved in.

Bandipur villager mauled by bear

Bandipur villager mauled by bear

“Bear,” Janine said. The man was attacked by a bear six years ago when he was cutting wood on the mountain, Janine pointed up at the near green slope. He shrugged. I took a picture, as was expected, and then reached in my pocket for a tip for the old man.

Janine stopped me. “No money,” he said, making a face. “He only drink and smoke.”

Years ago, I spent time on a Kuwaiti fishing boat manned mostly by Iranian workers. When they got hurt, as happens on fishing boats with lines running out and heavy nets swinging in, they were discarded, and they returned to their village minus an arm or with a leg that didn’t support them. No workman’s comp. The Republicans’ vision of the good society resting on rugged individualism and discardable people.

Drink and smoke… Why not? He doesn’t need to keep his head clear while he studies for the GRE.


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Refinement in the Tropics (Fort Kochi)

Every tourist town feels the same, and Fort Kochi, for all the blue of the sea and the old colonial buildings, is one of them: friendly insincerity.

Its cost — think of it as a cost of such commerce — was made plain a couple of days ago as I walked north from Bishop Joseph Kureethara Road past old St. Francis Church, built in 1516 by the Portugese to honor St. Antony (who has a small chapel just across the road from my rooms at Lotus Home Stay).

A little girl was working at a catch-all stand (T-shirts; puppets) outside the church with her father. Twenty stout Polish tourists, brightly dressed in shorts and sports shirts, cameras dangling, had just passed in and out. She was a cute girl in bright clothes, a tourist photo cliche, but when I asked with a gesture if I could take a picture of her, she scrunched her face. Her father knew better. He snapped at her to get with the game, and at once her face reshaped itself into happy greeter.

Image Little girl, honest

Image After fatherly lesson

Much of this is street commerce, New York, 1910.

At the open air Food Court with its five tables and unwashed table cloths, the young waiter agreed happily on Monday that my breakfast would be ready in 10 minutes, and I walked on down to the beach to watch the ferries and see the ice-cream carts arrive at the beginning of their long day.

I went back to the restaurant. A half hour later, my food came. I had a book, but I was annoyed, and the waiter, Raja, a thin kid of 17 or 18 or so in a filthy red shirt, seemed at once frightened, though I said nothing.

He’s likable. That evening, as the dark descended at about 6, he passed me by the playing field on his old bike and stopped to say hello, as friendly as ever.

“Your day is done?” I said.

No. No. He made a face like the little girl’s. He worked 24 hours for the old man, and he got paid only if customers came. Otherwise, nothing. No, he wasn’t ever finished.

What would he be doing in five years?

“I must escape,” he said. “A good job.” He repeated. “I must escape.”

“Sir, You will do me this one favor, please.” Ten rickshaw drivers, with nearly identical language, hand on heart. “You will allow me to take you to emporium close by, just to look, not to buy, sir, please, so I get a point for a petrol card for each person I bring and more if you buy, please. sir….”

But commerce is lost oddly. Up by the beach is a series of open-air restaurants. I walked there Tuesday at about 10 looking for breakfast, having abandoned the laggardly Food Court. The menu at restaurant number 2 looked good, and I pulled out a chair. No, said the waiter, gesturing me away as though I were a fly. We’re not open. I went to number three, which had several workers sitting near the money table. They shooed me away, too. Later, they said, and pointed back to the first restaurant.

Come in, come in said the waiter there. Fine, I said. I’m hungry, but could I wash up?

Maybe the restaurants are all owned by one individual, who profits, he thinks, by opening only one place for restaurant breakfast morning?

No, the waiter answered. No wash up.

Wash up is usually a euphemism here for “I need a toilet!”

“Toilet,” I said.

Come with him, he gestured, a skinny boy with a thin beard and apparently wearing Raja’s filthy shirt.  He led me to the intersection, and we turned south for a block, then east and went in through a passage-way by another idle restaurant. The toilet was there. Unlighted. Not a place to linger. No water; no soap.

I came out.

“Eat now?” he said.

We had walked so far we were closer now to another restaurant I’d found, the upstairs Loafers Corner, clean, with a series of old black and white family photographs on the wall and an excellent masala dosa and good “filter” coffee.

“No,” I told my toilet guide.

He grinned. “Maybe later, then. Remember me.”

Loafers Corner photographs

Loafers Corner photographs


We don’t need much, it’s becoming clear. Shelter. A bit of food.

I’m living well beyond that in Lotus Home Stay in a quiet neighborhood for $12.69 a day: a clean room with a ceiling fan and balcony overlooking the chapel. It has a neatly painted and unmouldy bathroom with a bidet hose rather than toilet paper, and a French hotelier who narrates her business-owning adventure in Fort Kochi over French press coffee I now make myself on the shaded back porch. I have shelter, money enough for food, and I can stay clean (and my clothes, either sending them out or, more quickly, washing them in a bucket with Tide I found in a small packet for 10 rupees).

For comparison, a bar of soap is 30 rupees; a kilo of oranges 40 or 50; a cup of filter coffee downtown, for rich tourists only, 50.

I took a cab the day before yesterday to the old synagogue in “Jew Town,” built in the early 14th century, clean and solid, like St. Francis, small, candles burning. My driver (30 rupees for a 10 minute ride) was Barack Obama Hussain.

From where you are? he asked, and grinned broadly when I answered, “USA.” (“United States” isn’t understood.)

He gave me a big thumbs up.

“Black man in White House,” he said. “Good! You like?”

“I did,” I said.

Yesterday, I took another rickshaw to the Jain temple, to watch a priest call the pigeons and feed them. Maybe 200 came, fluttering as pigeons do. The priest, wearing a gauze mask to avoid killing flying insects, scattered rice and chanted, and the pigeons landed on his outstretched arms.

A lady temple functionary seized me as I entered the Jain compound and guided me to a room full of murky paintings, which she described rapidly and incomprehensibly. Fine, I said, but I want to see the holy feeding of the birds. I started to leave.

She blocked me. Money, she said. A contribution. I must give a contribution for her lecture.

I pulled out 15 rupees or so in change and handed the coins to her.

Her lip curled, and she shook her head. “No,” she said. “One hundred rupee. One hundred.” She handed back my change.

I took it and went to watch the pigeons.

Barack Obama was there, waiting across the alley with other drivers. He gave me a thumbs-up hello as I left. He had told me about the pigeons, and I was glad to see him. “Sir,” he said. “You will do me this one small favor…”

The hands are always out, but mostly, here, it’s quiet and the shills, unlike our home-grown MBAs , aren’t entirely rapacious. The intensity does increase as you move up the food chain, or down. Even the security guards at the expensive hotels are haughty, though their faces melt into gladness if you walk in the door; the ritzy managers are from Dickens. On the other end, I guess, in Ooty last week, high in the Nilgiri mountains, a drunken laborer on a country road tried to threaten money from me with his mattock.

Would-be robber

Would-be robber

I was in a bad mood that day and came close to laying him out with my walking stick. He backed off, muttering self-righteously in a tone which seemed much like that found in the fine print of a credit card deal.  (An old man nearby, who had watched the encounter, said, “He say very bad things to you.”)

I walked home last night ahead of the heavy rain that came later, feeling lucky. The night air smelled good, Indian couples shared the street with me, the fruit stands and grocery stalls were busy, and I had money enough (10 rupees) for a little package of not-bad Bourbon (chocolate) cookies. The streets here are civilized. Even the teenage boys, laughing with each other, leaning against their scooter, flipping a cricket ball into the air, are friendly.

India is jarring me back from my middle-class reverie to the larger world and suggests in its multitude, in the generally humane encounters Indians have publicly with each other, that I shouldn’t take myself too seriously.

It’s not easy  to show the nuances of our own culture, to know the frightening expectations, frustrations, meanness and kindness, to understand the horrors of ambition.

Here, it’s impossible. I don’t know who these people are, or how their dearest myths frame their growing up. They are opaque to me.